Endodontics is a dental specialization focused on the pulp inside a tooth. This pulp, hidden behind the tooth’s outer wall of enamel and dentin, contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. This dental pulp extends all the way from the root to the crown of the tooth, and is essential during a tooth’s development.
Once a tooth is fully grown and mature, the pulp is no longer needed, however it can become infected. Common endodontic issues stem from deep tooth decay, a cracked or chipped tooth, tooth trauma and other factors.
Signs you might need to see an Endodontist:
- Tooth pain
- Sensitivity to hot and cold
- Deep discolouration of the tooth
- Swelling or tenderness in nearby lymph nodes
- Pain or swelling in nearby gums
How an Endodontist can help:
The most common treatment performed by an endodontist is a root canal. During this procedure, the endondontist removes the infected or inflamed pulp, channels out the root and seals it. Upon completion, a crown is applied or another form of restoration is applied to complete the tooth.